# LABORATORIO DI RAPPRESENTAZIONE E GEOMETRIA DESCRITTIVA M - Z

**Academic Year 2023/2024**- 1° Year

**Teaching Staff:**

**Eugenio MAGNANO DI SAN LIO**and

**Rita Maria VALENTI**

**Credit Value:**12

**Scientific field:**ICAR/17 - Drawing

**Taught classes:**28 hours

**Exercise:**26 hours

**Laboratories:**90 hours

**Term / Semester:**One-year

## Expected Learning Outcomes

The course has a further
objective to lead students to:

1. be able to apply their knowledge, understanding and ability to solve problems to new or unfamiliar topics, placed in broader (or interdisciplinary) contexts connected to their field of study;

2. acquire the ability to integrate knowledge and manage complexity, as well as make judgments based on limited or incomplete information, including reflection on the social and ethical responsibilities associated with the application of their knowledge and judgments;

3. know how to communicate their conclusions, as well as the knowledge and rationale underlying them, in a clear and unambiguous way to specialist and non-specialist interlocutors;

4. develop learning skills that allow them to continue studying mostly in a self-directed or autonomous way.

## Required Prerequisites

Any other initial deficiency
can in any case be compensated with constant and conscious application in the
first weeks of study and with the support of the teacher.

## Attendance of Lessons

Pursuant to art. 24 of the
University Teaching Regulations and point 3.1 of the Study Course Teaching
Regulations, attendance is mandatory for the courses called
"Laboratory". Students can request total or partial exemption from
the obligation to attend for serious and/or justified reasons. The dispensation
is approved by the Degree Course Council and must simultaneously provide for
the possibility of participating in the relevant exam sessions. Frequency of
supplementary activities is also highly recommended.

## Detailed Course Content

With the certainty that the
practice of architecture must be based first and foremost on a clear knowledge
of the technical and conceptual tools of traditional drawing, for training
purposes, for the first few months the use of computer-assisted drawing is
excluded, which instead will only concern the central and final part of the
course. However, the use of manual techniques and elementary materials will be
fundamental: paper, cardboard, pencils, colored crayons, watercolours, compass,
eraser, ruler and squares. The acquisition of a basic technique and refined
manual skills will allow you to appreciate and use the tools offered by modern
technology in the best possible way, with the fullest awareness.

The topics covered are the
following:

Introduction to drawing:
technical and theoretical tools of drawing; the functions of drawing; general
information on representation methods.

Elementary constructions and
their applications: elementary geometric constructions; harmonious
relationships; geometric patterns and patterns; fundamentals of graphic analysis.

Introduction to architectural
drawing: reduction scales; main graphic conventions; plans, elevations,
sections; representation of an architectural project in 1:50 scale and 1:100
scale.

Notes on projective geometry:
projection and section; projectivity, perspectivity, homology.

Monge projections: reference
model; representation of geometric entities, plane and solid figures; sections
with projecting planes inclined with respect to the reference planes,
overturning, true shape and size.

Perspective: vertical and
horizontal frame perspective: reference model and representation of geometric
entities, plane and solid figures; measurement points.

Axonometry: reference model
and representation of geometric entities, flat and solid figures; oblique and
orthogonal projections; trace triangle; normalized triples.

Shadow theory: shadows in
Monge projections, axonometry, perspective.

## Course Planning

Subjects | Text References | |
---|---|---|

1 | Introduction to drawing | |

2 | Elementary constructions and their applications | |

3 | Notes on projective geometry | |

4 | Monge projections | |

5 | Axonometry | |

6 | Perpesctive |

## Learning Assessment

### Learning Assessment Procedures

At the end of the first
semester there will be a check of the first tables created, a question on the
60 elementary constructions and a graphic exercise on perspective. Although
participation in this test is optional, it is highly recommended and will
reduce the effort required for the final exam.

The final exam includes three distinct parts:

- verification of the tables
produced during the course;

- verification of the final
tables;

- questioning on elementary
constructions, on representation methods (Monge projections, axonometry and
perspective), on the theory of shadows.

The evaluation will take into consideration the graphic quality of the tables, the capacity for spatial reasoning and the consistency of application to the study.

### Examples of frequently asked questions and / or exercises

Each of the proposed
descriptive geometry constructions (for example 'draw the straight intersection
of two generic planes, or 'draw a point belonging to the assigned plane').

Simple shadow constructions
(for example 'draw the shadow of a vertical segment in perspective', or 'draw
the shadow of a pyramid in Monge projections or in axonometry')

**VERSIONE IN ITALIANO**